The consecrated Cave of Thaur is located about 2.5 kilometers away from the sacred Masjid al Haraam in Makkah. It is the blessed cave which concealed in it our beloved Prophet (PBUH) along with his companion Hazrat Abu Bakar (RA) for three long days.
The Prophet (PBUH) and his companion hid in it while they were migrating from Makkah to Madina. The number of enemies of Allah’s apostle was increasing day by day. Non-muslims wanted to cause harm to the Prophet (PBUH) because they were raged and unhappy from the spread of Islam. When the situation went beyond control, all the Muslims suggested that the Prophet (PBUH) must migrate from Medina to some safer place to safeguard his life precious to the entire Muslim ummah. He left with his companion in the dark but had to stay in the cave because the kuraish tribe was continuously in chase of him.
A miracle took place when the Prophet (PBUH) and Hazrat Abu Bakar (RA) was put out of sight inside the cave. An acacia tree sprung in front of the cave. Moreover a dove built its nest right outside the cave and laid eggs; a spider spread its web in front of the entrance of the cave, to humiliate the enemies of Islam and honor the last Messenger. All these things gave the impression that the cave had not been visited by anyone for many years and none was hiding in the cave. In this way, the Prophet (PBUH) and his mate was saved from the enemies by the Grace of Allah Almighty.
This miracle is mentioned in the holy verses of Quran by Allah (Translation by Abdullah Yusuf Ali):
“If ye help not (your Leader), (it is no matter): for Allah did indeed help him: when the unbelievers drove him out: he had no more than one companion: they two were in the cave, and he said to his companion, “Have no fear, for Allah is with us”: then Allah sent down His peace upon him, and strengthened him with forces which ye saw not, and humbled to the depths the word of the unbelievers. But the word of Allah is exalted to the heights: for Allah is Exalted in might, Wise.” [Qur’an, 9:40]
Due to this miracle, the cave is also considered as a sign of conviction as it helped our Prophet (PBUH) to carve on the pages of history his illustrious Hijrah. There is no ritual in Hajj or Umrah to visit the cave. Nevertheless people visit it to recall the triumph of Muhammad (SAWW) and the despicable prowling of the bitter adversary of Islam.