The Cave of Hira is located on mount Al-Noor (Jabl-e-Noor), about 3 kilometers away from the north east of Makkah, on way to Mina. It is a small cave, about 12 feet in length and almost 5 feet in width and can be seen from far.
This is the holy place where our Prophet (PBUH) was honored with prophet hood and got his first divine revelation of Quran during the month of Ramadan to benefit the humanity that had gone astray.
This is the reason that this cave holds immense worth and significance in the history of Islam. Allah’s apostle (PBUH) used to go for meditation to this place. He spent all the day and night in the cave thinking upon the phenomenon of nature, creations around him and their purpose. The reason behind going to the cave was the utter blind darkness that had wholly occupied Makkah. There were no traces of humanity or civilization among the people and our Prophet (PBUH) was deeply saddened by the perverse thinking and idolatry of people. Therefore, he found peace in the solitude and contemplation.
When Holy Prophet (PBUH) reached the age of 40 and had been meditating for a period of three years, the first revelation was brought to him by Jibrael (AS) which was as follows:
“Recite in the name of your Lord Who created. He created the human being from a clot. Recite and your Lord is most Honorable, Who taught (to write) with pen, taught the human being what he knew not.” Holy Quran (Alaq 96: 1-5)
The Prophet (PBUH) was very scared and inspired. He was shivering with excitement and fear at the same time. He hurried back to his wife Hazrat Khadija and told her about what happened. His beloved wife encouraged Him by saying that He has always kept good relations with His Kith and kin, helped the poor and the destitute, served His guests generously and assisted the deserving calamity-afflicted ones so He should not be afraid of anyone. This gave great courage to the Prophet and made him prepared for the coming situations.
Every year millions of Muslims visit the ‘Cave of Hira’ but there is no religious obligation behind it nor is there any act of worship in it. People visit it because of its historical importance and out of curiosity and to feel the personal pleasure and spirituality.