How to perform Umrah
1. Setting off from home:
Ghusl (full body wash).
Trim nails, and remove pubic hair (if necessary).
Offer Salah (Namaz, Prayers) of the time.
Read 2 rakats of Travelling Salah (Prayers) before setting off.
When going out, say the following words:
Read Du’aa of Travelling, before setting off in car:
Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest, How perfect He is, The One Who has place this (transport) at our service, and we ourselves would not have been capable of that, and to our Lord if our final destiny.
During your journey keep yourself in the remembrance of Allah (make zikr, make dua, read Quran, read Islamic Books etc). This is the start of your journey to the House of Allah (SWT), and you have been given an invitation, so Praise and Glorify Him.
Once you are a traveler (having left your area of residence), and the next Salah is due, you can combine and shorten them as this is a concession from Allah.
Dhur (2 Rakaats) & Asr (2 Rakaats) together
Maghrib (3 Rakaats) & Ishaa (2 Rakaats) together
Read as many sunnah/nawafil as you like, there is no restriction.
2. Meeqat – (the place from where the Umrah starts and the pilgrims enter the state of Ihram)
Men to get changed into their Ihram (2 pieces of white cloth), preferably after one of the 5 daily prayers
Make niyyah (intention) for Umrah
Here I am O Allah making ‘Umraah.
If one fears that they are likely to be subjected to illness or anything else that might obstruct their Umrah, one may add the following, by doing so if one cannot complete the Umrah for whatever reason; then they simply cut their hair and do not have to pay the ransom.
I come out of the state of Ihraam from the place You prevent me from continuing.
Recite the Talbiyah (men should raise their voices and women in hush tones) until you reach the Kaba and start your Tawaf
Here I am, O Allah, here I am. Here I am. You have no partner. Here I am. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is yours, and you have no partner.
3. Entering Masjid Al Haram – (in Makkah, Saudia Arabia)
Enter with your right foot
Make duaa of the Masjid
In the name of Allah! O Allah! Exalt the mention of your Messenger. O Allah! Forgive my sins, and open the gates of Your mercy for me.
4. Tawaf (7 rounds around the Ka’bah) – You must be in Wudu (ablution)
Men to leave their right shoulder bare during the Tawaf, this is called Idtiba’a, after the Tawaf men need to cover both shoulders.
Start at the Hajar-e-Aswad, either kiss it if you can, if not touch it with your right hand, if not face the Black Stone and point at it with your right hand
Say Bismillah, Allahu Akbar (just before kissing it/or just before or whilst touching/pointing)
For men, to Raml (hasten/briskly walk) during the first 3 rounds of Tawaf and walk normally during the other 4 rounds.
Once you reach the Yamani corner, either touch it with your right hand (do not kiss it), and say Bimsillah Allahu Akbar, or if unable, then continue without gesturing or saying anything
From the Yamani corner to the Black Stone recite
Our Lord, grant us good in this life and good in the hereafter and save us from the punishment of the Hellfire. [Quran; 2:201]
Once you return back to the Black Stone, you have completed 1 round, and you need to repeat the above steps 6 more times.
There is no specific duaa’s that must be read during the Tawaf. Make as many supplications from your heart, for that which will benefit you. Recite whatever you wish, supplicate to Allah by asking for good, recite the Quran, anything you wish.
5. Proceed to Maqaam-e Ibraaheem – (Prophet Ibraaheem’s station) after completing Tawaf
Recite this verse:
And take you (people) the Maqaam (place) of Ibraheem as a place of Prayer. [Quran; 2:125]
Pray two short Rak’ahs, as close as conveniently possible behind Maqaam-e Ibraheem. If it is not possible then you can pray them anywhere in the sacred mosque.
It is preferred to recite during the first Rak’ah (after Surah Al Fatiha), Surah Al-Kafiroon and during the second Rak’ah (after Surah Al Fatiha) Surah Al-lkhlaas
6. Go to Zam Zam Well
Make dua before drinking the Zam Zam Water
Pour water over your head
Return to the Black Stone touch it with your right hand (as before), if it is not convenient do nothing, and proceed to do Sai.
7. Sai (7 circuits) – having wudu is highly recommended, but not compulsory
As you leave the boundary of the Masjid, you can say:
(In the name of Allah, and prayers and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah. O Allah, I ask You from Your favour. O Allah, guard from the accursed devil.
Upon approaching Mount Safaa, the following ayaat (verse) is recited
Verily, As-Safaa and Al-Marwah are from the symbols of Allah. So it is not a sin on him who performs Hajj or ‘Umrah of the house (ka ‘bah) to perform the going (tawaaf) between them. And whoever does good voluntarily, then verily, Allah is the All-Recognizer, All-Knower. [Quran; 2:158]
Indeed Safa and Marwah are from the places of worship of Allah…’ ‘I begin with what Allah began with.
Then ascend upon Mount Safaa, face the Qiblah, raise your hands and recite 3 times:
Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest.
There is nothing worthy of worship except Allah, Alone. He has no partner, To Him belongs the kingdom, & all praise belongs to Him, & He has power above all things, There is nothing worthy of worship except Allah, He fulfilled His promise, Granted victory to His servant, And alone He defeated the allied army.
Then you Praise Allah, Send Salaam upon Muhammad (SA) and then make as much personal Du’as as you like. Pray for anything from the goodness of this life and the next, pray for both yourself, family, parents, friends and all Muslims.
Then descend from Mount Safaa and go walking towards Mount Marwah
When you reach the green sign, men are to hasten their walk for a while, but do not run. Then return to your normal phase of walk at the next green sign.
Upon reaching Mount Marwah repeat the same procedure as when ascending Mount Safaa (face the Qibla, raise your hands and repeat what was said on Mount Safaa.) This completes one circuit.
Continue and complete in total 7 circuits, ending the last one on Mount Marwah. Enjoy the process. You’ve come all this way, open your heart in glorification and Dua to Allah!
There are no particular supplications to be recited between Safaa and Marwah. It is up to the worshipper to praise Allah or supplicate Him in his own words, or he may recite portions of the Our’an.
8. After Completing Sai, Trim/Cut the hair
It is recommended for men are to shave all their hair, but they can trim it all the way round
Women are to shorten their hair by a finger tip.
Now all Ihraam rules are lifted,and your Umrah is completed. May Allah accept your Umrah, Ameen!
Disclaimer: Please consult with an islamic Scholar and double check if the method is 100% correct.